Ethereum’s Next Big Leap: EIP-7702

Evolution of Account Abstraction on Ethereum

Ethereum accounts come in two types: externally owned accounts (EOAs) and contract accounts. EOAs are limited in functionality and security, making them unsuitable for complex transactions.

Previous Proposals

  • EIP-4337: Allowed smart contracts to act as accounts, improving user experience.
  • EIP-3074: Enabled EOAs to delegate transaction authority to smart contracts temporarily.
  • EIP-5003: Introduced a permanent transformation of EOAs into smart contract accounts.

EIP-7702: A New Approach

EIP-7702 proposes a more streamlined approach. It allows EOAs to temporarily adopt smart contract code during transactions, combining the security of EOAs with the versatility of smart contracts.

How It Works

During a transaction, the EOA’s contract code is temporarily set to the smart contract code needed. The code executes the transaction, and once complete, the contract code is cleared.


  • Eliminates the need for new opcodes and hard forks.
  • Seamless integration with existing Ethereum infrastructure.
  • Bridges the gap between EOAs and smart contract accounts.

Community Reaction

The community has praised EIP-7702 for its transformative potential. It could make Ethereum more accessible and secure for everyday users.

Future Implications

If adopted, EIP-7702 could change how users interact with Ethereum dApps and manage digital assets. It promises a seamless and secure user experience, potentially accelerating the adoption of Ethereum’s advanced capabilities.


  • Thorough testing and community consensus are crucial.
  • Security implications, such as managing and revoking temporary smart contract codes, need careful consideration.